Agricultural Journal
Volume 17, Issue 3 (2022)

MAK Hill offering peer-reviewed open access journal concerned with the advance fields of agricultural science and technology

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Research Paper

The Impact of Plant Parasitic Nematodes on Major Crops in Ethiopia and Their Management Strategies: A Review

Getaw Abera Zewdu
Page: 13-18 | Received 16 Mar 2023, Accepted 06 Dec 2022, Published online: 16 Mar 2023

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Pest management has a significant impact on Ethiopia's national priority goal which is food self‐sufficiency through agriculture. In Ethiopia, there is a significant knowledge gap about the impact of plant‐parasitic nematodes on different crops. The existing state of knowledge makes it difficult for the country to apply effective pest management strategies. Assessment of plant‐parasitic nematodes in major crops and the ongoing search for plant parasitic nematodes in the country's major agro‐ecological zones was previously studied. The majority of nematodes in Ethiopia affect a variety of crops. Thus, the goal of this review was to look at what we know about nematode pests that harm major crops. Meloidogyne, Pratylenchus, Aphelenchoides, Helicotylenchus, Cephalenchus, Rotylenchus, Xiphinema, Ditylenchus, Tylenchorhynchus and Tylenchorhynchus species were found in abundance in enset, khat, banana, wheat and potato crops. Several plant‐parasitic nematode species have been linked to different crops in Ethiopia, though Pratylenchus species had a broad host range. Cultural measures, physical means, chemical use and host‐plant resistance are some of the nematode species control strategies used to reduce the risk of crop loss. For long‐term pest management, more research is needed to determine the aggressiveness and toxicity of particular plant‐parasitic nematodes on major crops in the country. 


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