Manuscript Formation

Guidelines for Authors

As an international, multi-disciplinary, peer-refereed journal(s), provides a platform for publication of the most advanced scientific research in the areas of agricultural sciences, Business Studies and Management Sciences, Chemistry, Engineering and Technology Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, Life Science, Medical Sciences, Mathematics, Physics and Pharmaceutical sciences. The journal(s) welcomes the original empirical investigations.

Submission Checklist Before submitting your manuscript, thoroughly check its quality one more time. Evaluate it critically could anything be done better? Be assure that:

  • The manuscript follows the Instructions for Authors
  • All files are in the correct format and of the appropriate resolution or size
  • The spelling and grammar are correct
  • You have mentioned contact information for all authors
  • You have written a persuasive cover letter
  • You have read the Aims & Scope carefully and ensure that your manuscript falls within the scope for this journal
  • Use the Microsoft Word template to prepare your manuscript;
  • Issues about publication ethics, research ethics, copyright, authorship, figure formats, data and reference format have been considered appropriately


Manuscript Preparation

File Format Manuscript files can be in the following formats: DOC, DOCX, or RTF. Microsoft Word documents should not be locked or protected. 
Length Manuscripts can be any length. There are no restrictions on word count, number of figures, or amount of supporting information.
Font: Use a standard font size and any standard font, except for the font named “Symbol”. To add symbols to the manuscript, use the Insert → Symbol function in your word processor or paste in the appropriate Unicode character.
Headings:  Limit manuscript sections and sub-sections to 4 heading levels. Make sure heading levels are clearly indicated in the manuscript text.
Layout and Spacing:  Manuscript text should be Single spaced and in one columns format only.
Footnotes: Footnotes are not permitted. If your manuscript contains footnotes, move the information into the main text or the reference list, depending on the content.
Language: Manuscripts must be submitted in English. 
Abbreviations: Define abbreviations upon first appearance in the text. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least three times in the text. Keep abbreviations to a minimum. 

We recommend using MathType for display and inline equations, as it will provide the most reliable outcome. If this is not possible, Equation Editor or Microsoft's Insert→Equation function is acceptable.

Avoid using MathType, Equation Editor, or the Insert→Equation function to insert single variables (e.g., “a² + b² = c²”), Greek or other symbols (e.g., β, Δ, or ′ [prime]), or mathematical operators (e.g., x, ≥, or  ±) in running text. Wherever possible, insert single symbols as normal text with the correct Unicode (hex) values.


Units of measurement Use SI units. If you do not use these exclusively, provide the SI value in parentheses after each value. Read more about SI units.


Provide the Recommended International Non-Proprietary Name (rINN).


Species names write in italics (e.g., Staphylococcus aureus). Write out in full the genus and species, both in the title of the manuscript and at the first mention of an organism in a paper. After first mention, the first letter of the genus name followed by the full species name may be used (e.g., S. aureus).

Genes, mutations, genotypes, and alleles:

Write in italics. Use the recommended name by consulting the appropriate genetic nomenclature database (we strongly recommend using this tool to check against previously approved names). It is sometimes advisable to indicate the synonyms for the gene the first time it appears in the text. Gene prefixes such as those used for oncogenes or cellular localization should be shown in roman typeface (e.g., v-fes, c-MYC).

Manuscript Organization

Manuscripts should be organized as follows. Instructions for each element appear below the list. The following elements are required, in order:

Title page:  Should be initial caps, Specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the field (Examples: A Species Boundary Within the Tylototriton verrucosus Group (Urodela: Salamandroidae) Based on Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Evidence)

Authors: Should be initial caps and separated with Comma), Avoid using any designation, level of education etc., (Examples: Mingwang Zhang, Guohua Yu, Dingqi Rao, Yimei Huang, Junxing Yang and Yan Li)

Author Affiliations: Each author Must have an affiliation. The affiliation includes Department, University, or organizational affiliation and its location, including city, state/province (if applicable), country, Email ID, Contact No. and Whatsaap No
Corresponding author: The submitting author is automatically designated as the corresponding author in the submission system. The corresponding author is the primary contact for the journal office and the only author able to view or change the manuscript while it is under editorial consideration. 

Abstract: The Abstract comes after the title page in the manuscript file. The abstract text is also entered in a separate field in the submission system. The Abstract should:

  • Describe the main objective(s) of the study
  • Explain how the study was done, including any model organisms used, without methodological detail
  • Summarize the most important results and their significance
  • Not exceed 300 words
  • Abstracts should not include:
    • Citations
    • Abbreviations



  • Provide a maximum of 5 keywords 
  • Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
  • Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of")


Introduction: The introduction should

  • Provide background that puts the manuscript into context and allows readers outside the field to understand the purpose and significance of the study
  • Define the problem addressed and why it is important
  • Include a brief review of the key literature
  • Note any relevant controversies or disagreements in the field
  • Conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved


Materials and Methods: The Materials and Methods section should provide enough detail to allow suitably skilled investigators to fully replicate your study. Specific information and/or protocols for new methods should be included in detail. If materials, methods, and protocols are well established, authors may cite articles where those protocols are described in detail, but the submission should include sufficient information to be understood independent of these references.

Results and Discussion: These sections may all be separate, or may be combined to create a mixed Results/Discussion section (commonly labeled “Results and Discussion”) These sections may be further divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading, as appropriate. These sections have no word limit, but the language should be clear and concise.

Conclusions: A mixed with Discussion/Conclusions section (commonly labeled “Conclusions”), Or separately  You have to add main conclusions of you work. Do not cite figures, tables, website or references, Avoid equations, Must not contain results which are not presented and substantiated in the main text, Should not exaggerate the main conclusions.

Acknowledgments: All sources of funding of the study should be disclosed. Clearly indicate grants that you have received in support of your research work and if you received funds to cover publication costs. Note that some funders will not refund article processing charges (APC) if the funder and grant number are not clearly and correctly identified in the paper.

Author contributions: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. Transparency about the contributions of authors is encouraged, for example in the form of a CRediT author statement. 

  • Conceptualization: Definition
  • Methodology: Development or design of methodology; creation of models
  • Software: Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components
  • Validation: Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/ reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs
  • Formal Analysis: Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data
  • Investigation: Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection
  • Resources: Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools
  • Data Curation:  Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse
  • Writing-Original Draft: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation)
  • Writing-Review & Editing: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre-or postpublication stages
  • Visualization: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/ data presentation
  • Supervision: Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team
  • Project Administration: Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution
  • Funding Acquisition: Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication


*Reproduced from Brand et al. (2015), Learned Publishing 28(2), with permission of the authors.

CRediT offers authors the opportunity to share an accurate and detailed description of their diverse contributions to the published work. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the descriptions are accurate and agreed by all authors. The role(s) of all authors should be listed, using the relevant above categories. Authors may have contributed in multiple roles. CRediT in no way changes the journal’s criteria to qualify for authorship. 

Conflicts of Interest: Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interest that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. If there is no conflict of interest, please state "The authors declare no conflict of interest." Any role of the funding sponsors in the choice of research project; design of the study; in the collection, analyses or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results must be declared in this section. Medwell Publications does not publish studies funded by the tobacco industry. Any projects funded by pharmaceutical or food industries must pay special attention to the full declaration of funder involvement. If there is no role, please state "The sponsors had no role in the design, execution, interpretation, or writing of the study".

References: References must be numbered in order of appearance in the text (including table captions and figure legends) and listed individually at the end of the manuscript. We recommend preparing the references with a bibliography software package, such as EndNote, ReferenceManager or Zotero to avoid typing mistakes and duplicated references. We encourage citations to data, computer code and other citable research material. If available online, you may use reference style 9. below.

Example [1], [1–3] or [1,3]. For embedded citations in the text with pagination, use both parentheses and brackets to indicate the reference number and page numbers; for example [5] (p. 10). or [6] (pp. 101–105).

Type of reference and there format 

Journal Reference

Author Name 1, Author Name 2, Author Name 3 and Author Name 4, Year. Title of the article. Journal Name, Volume Number. (Issue Number): Starting page Numbering-Ending Pager Numbering. DOI (Direct active link/URL)

Yan Lu, Fuhong Gao, Yuqi Liu, Xiaolin Hou and Hongyu Zhao, 2014. Resistance analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar indiana to the chloramphenicol. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 13(11): 678-681. DOI: 10.36478/javaa.2014.678.681 (